• (All student questions are posted as submitted.)

    1. Student: Is 19th or 21st century acceptable in a paper, or should it be spelled out: "nineteenth-century"?
      Mrs. Metcalf: For formal, academic writing it should be spelled out.

    2. Student: When citing Charlotte Perkins Gilman, is her last name just used as “Gilman” or would we use “Perkins Gilman”? Thanks.
      Mrs. Metcalf: Gilman would be the last name.

    3. Student: For our paper The yellow wallpaper and Paul’s case are the subtitles bold or italicized?
      Mrs. Metcalf: Since your paper should follow APA guidelines, subtitles are always in boldface font.

    4. Student: When citing Pliny the Elder in the References, do I include "the Elder"? He's an ancient Roman.
      Mrs. Metcalf: Since the "E" in "Elder" is capitalized, the writers of the text identify "Pliny the Elder" as his name; therefore, yes, you would cite him as the writers have addressed it.

    5. Student: Are we allowed to use stories from our textbook for our paper?
      Mrs. Metcalf: No, I encouraged the class to seek out works other than those within our textbook.

    6. Student: You told the ENG 255 class, in addition to researching the given classical literary terms, to find an additional classical literary term used in every story we have read since Christmas. Could you please post the list of the stories we have read since that time?
      Mrs. Metcalf: You may use any story to use as an example of the literary terms (you must provide a definition as well), but for the two classical words ("clamor" and "sublime") please refer to the list of works read since Christmas (The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn by Mark Twain, Song of Myself by Walt Whitman, An Occurrence at Owl Creek Bridge by Ambrose Bierce, A White Heron by Sarah One Jewett, A New England Nun by Mary E. Wilkins Freeman, A Sweat-Shop Romance by Abraham Cahan, The Open Boat by Stephen Crane, Lady Lazarus by Sylvia Plath, Daddy by Sylvia Plath, and Separating by John Updike. There were some other short poems, but I think this is the bulk of the readings.

    7. Student: When finding the classical words in a story, do we find them in every story we have read or just find two classical words in two different stories we have read?
      Mrs. Metcalf: You may find the words from any story.

    8. Student: Does the ENG 255 class need to have their literary terms printed and ready on Tuesday morning, or are they due as all other papers before midnight on that day?
      Mrs. Metcalf: You may turn them in either way as long as they are turned in by the due date.

    9. Student: There is a due date posted for the Literary terms assignment for the English 255 class but there is no prompt, did you forget to post one or do we go off of what we have in our notes?
      Mrs. Metcalf: Please use your notes since this is considered a homework assignment.

    10. Student: Is our portfolio due when we come back? Is word of the day part of the exam?
      Mrs. Metcalf: The portfolio will be due the third week in April. No, the Word of the Day test is not part of the exam.

    11. Student: When we use Swift's language in the conclusion, should we quote it and use brackets to insert our specific ideas? Or should we not use quotation marks and only cite it in the bibliography?
      Mrs. Metcalf: Usually you would do the technical information, but this is a creative writing piece and it is not required in-text. Rather, in creative writing you can add the credit for the sources in the Works Cited or Bibliography page.

    12. Student: Are we able to use the word ‘you’ in the satirical essay?
      Mrs. Metcalf: It is best to avoid directly involving your reader by using "you" unless there is a direct intention; therefore, I would say not to use it in this essay.

    13. Student: To answer the question--
      Mrs. Metcalf: As of 5:00 P.M. on February 20th the following students' papers have been received. Ryan Deletes, Paul Baumhard, Suzanne Rosaschi, Aiyanna Glynn, Cameron Sheeler, Luke Settle, Makayla Crownover, Jacob Noble, Jessica Starkweather, Jacob Clevenger, Simon Gray, Colin Brown, Gracie Dillon, Chez Jennings, Orlando Schiappa, Max Barnes, and Brayden Pearce

    14. Student: I was wondering if we had to cite the African Proverbs?
      Mrs. Metcalf: Yes, you will need to cite it from the textbook (anthology).

    15. Student: When including dialogue within a quote, would you prefer we use apostrophes around the dialogue and enclose the entire thought within quotation marks? As in, "'Maybe I did not live as I ought to have done.'" Or are we to use strictly quotation marks for both the dialogue and enclosing the thought? I have researched but have seen both, and would like to know how you prefer the punctuation. Thank you!
      Mrs. Metcalf: Always use the quotation marks on the outside and the inside would be the single quotation marks. " ' ' "

    16. Student: Should we use the date Shakespeare wrote Hamlet as the copyright date or the date the pdf was published ?
      Mrs. Metcalf: Use whichever source you are using as your source. Be sure to go to the link on the classroom website to properly cite whichever source you use. Go to the Research and Documentation link provided under Courses.

    17. Student: For the Letter to the Past assignment, are we required to write the letter together as one paper or are the partners for revising each other’s papers?
      Mrs. Metcalf: One paper composed by two; the assignment is a collaborative assignment.

    18. Student: When discussing a specific word, do we put the word in quotation marks? As in: the word "orisons" implies such-and-such... Or would that be a direct quote?
      Mrs. Metcalf: When stressing a word, italicize it; when quoting a word, used quotation marks and cite it.

    19. Student: f the weather conditions are bad again tomorrow (Wednesday Jan. 17th) will the paper due date be moved again?
      Mrs. Metcalf: Possibly, yes. Please refer to the classroom website's calendar for up-to-date due dates.

    20. Student: For the opinion essay, are we allowed to use “My” as in “My opinion”?
      Mrs. Metcalf: That phrase would be unnecessary since you are the writer and it is an opinion essay; therefore, whatever you say is obviously your supported opinion.

    21. Student: For the sophomore class, are we still going to have the test over the 3 stories and authors since we have received a two hour delay on Tuesday?
      Mrs. Metcalf: No, the test will be rescheduled.

    22. Student: Another question I have is if I am allowed to include my religious beliefs in my writing. I have quoted the Bible once or twice but if I include my personal stance is that allowed?
      Mrs. Metcalf: An opinion essay allows for your personal beliefs, but be sure to support them.

    23. Student: For the Scholars ELA 10 opinion essay, are we supposed to have a title page?
      Mrs. Metcalf: The title information can go on the first page.

    24. Student: At the end of the opinion paper would we be doing a work cited page or bibliography? I was not quite sure.
      Mrs. Metcalf: If all of your sources are works of literature, you can title it "Works Cited" but if you have other types of sources, use "Bibliography."

    25. Student: For the opinion essay is okay if we use I in some places because it is hard to state the opinion with out expressing myself
      Mrs. Metcalf: The best writers can avoid using "I" in writing. Try placing what you are talking about as the subject of the sentence. By doing so, you may say "me" at times. If you feel you must use "I", please do so sparingly.

    26. Student: Hi Mrs. Metcalf is the new due date apply to both versions of the paper.
      Mrs. Metcalf: Yes.

    27. Student: Is just the hard copy due on January 16,2018 or are both due then? Thank you
      Mrs. Metcalf: Both are due on Tuesday due to the school closing.

    28. Student: Hi Mrs. Metcalf, due to school being closed what should we do about the hard copy of our research paper? Should we just turn in the online version and wait until Tuesday to turn in the hard copy?
      Mrs. Metcalf: Please check the calendar on the home page. It was updated at 6:30 this morning. The entire requirement (online and hard copy) will be due on Tuesday, January 16.

    29. Student: When citing a pdf of a book or article in the references, do we include the url at the end? The Purdue Owl doesn't specify.
      Mrs. Metcalf: Yes, that is because it is an instructor's preference. Please include the url.

    30. Student: When paraphrasing, is a page number indicator needed at the end of the sentence? i.e. Marco (2015)..etc would we need to put (p. 2)?
      Mrs. Metcalf: No, indicators are only required when directly quoting; nevertheless, it is a courtesy to provide it.

    31. Student: Can the article required also be one of our 4 journals?
      Mrs. Metcalf: Yes.

    32. Student: Do we need to state our thesis after we state our 4 questions? In the sample paper it shows it that way, but because we already give our approval page I wasn't sure.
      Mrs. Metcalf: Not all research papers will have a signature approval page; nevertheless, your thesis should be mentioned within the introduction. It does not need to be at the end right before the questions.

    33. Student: When inserting a Table, do we just insert it directly into the paper, or may we start a new page with the table included?
      Mrs. Metcalf: If you started it on a new page you would have blank space which is unacceptable; therefore, the table should follow immediately within the text.

    34. Student: When citing a table in the note, would I cite using a parenthetical or as it is shown in the example paper?
      Mrs. Metcalf: If you are citing a table from another source, cite the source. If you are requesting your reader to refer to a table within your own paper, state it as seen in the sample.

    35. Student: In the middle of a quote if I change an abbreviation, such as PA to the actual words physical activity do I need put physical activity in a []?
      Mrs. Metcalf: Yes, any alterations to quoted material needs to be in brackets.

    36. Student: For APA, Purdue owl states that personal communication is not included on the reference page, and instead always contains a parenthetical. Is this how you would like it in our paper, and if so should we do the annotations in footnotes?
      Mrs. Metcalf: First off, I'm glad you're using the link to the Purdue Owl that I've provided. That's great. Keep it up. As far as my requirements, I've stated that from my experience, most university professors want the reference citation from personal interviews and communications; therefore, I instructed the class that I want you to include the source in the references along with annotation.

    37. Student: In finishing my research paper I noticed my title is over 50 characters. Do I need to change the actual title or just shorten it in the running head?
      Mrs. Metcalf: It is best if the running head title is the same as the title in the content; therefore, I'd shorten it to meet the standard for both.

    38. Student: How many points will be taken off if my thesis was changed and your signature is not there? Thanks.
      Mrs. Metcalf: Your paper is graded on a holistic-style grading, which means even though I may take ten points off for an insufficient page (Signature Approval Page) the points can be compensated by an overwhelming content or other part of the paper. In brief, the Signature Approval Page initially constitutes ten points.

    39. Student: For our research paper does the interviews have to be a part of the paper included in the questions or just in our references
      Mrs. Metcalf: Your interviewed acquired information should be part of what answers those questions. In addition, once they have contributed to the answers, list the source in the references.

    40. Student: Hi, Mrs. Metcalf. I have a few technical questions: 1) If I have two authors with the same last name, do I add the first initial every time I cite them? (e.g. A. McKenna and K. McKenna) 2) When parenthetically citing a news article, do we mark the paragraph (para. 8)? Or is that just for longer works like books? 3) Is the parenthetical citation (Zhai et al., 2016, conclusions and applications section, para. 3) acceptable? I saw something similar in the sample research paper. Thanks!
      Mrs. Metcalf: Thank you for organizing your questions. I will answer them following your format. 1) Yes, you would cite them using the first initial that differentiates them. If the first initial happens to be the same, then the first and middle initial can be used. If that is unavailable or by some chance that is the same, then you would add the title of the work with the author's last name. 2) If the news article has a page number, that would be used for in-text citation. If no page number is available, use the paragraph number for in-text citation. Please refer to the Research and Documentation link provided on the classroom website to see the format information for the reference page. 3) It is usually best to use the author's name in content in APA, but if you feel a sense of redundancy in usage, the parenthetical citation needed is only the author's name and copyright date when paraphrasing or summarizing and author's name and copyright date and indicator, i.e. page number, when directly quoting.

    41. Student: If only the abstract is available for a peer-reviewed, academic journal, do we cite it as an abstract or as a peer-reviewed journal? Also, would the abstract count as one of the four journals required if the full report is unavailable? Thanks!
      Mrs. Metcalf: The abstract is only en executive summary of the paper. You should be able to access it (some are free; others have a cost). The abstract does not count as a journal entry for the research paper. Since it only summarizes the work, it is worthy to know what the author's research entails. If not, it could be misrepresented in your paper. If you are unable to access the full work, please search for another to use.

    42. Student: I remember you said in class that when you use the name of the author you need the date of the work. Is this for every time you mention the author or only when you quote and paraphrase the work?
      Mrs. Metcalf: The author's name, title of the work, and copyright date are required in the introduction when discussing a work in composition using APA style for documentation. Other than that requirement, if you paraphrase, summarize, or directly quote from a work citation is required. That citation varies because you may choose to mention the author's name in the content rather that in a parenthetical citation. In addition, other rules apply, such as if the author's name has been mentioned in a paragraph and you have not mentioned another source within that paragraph when the next cited information is given from that first source, then you would only need the page number or other indicator. If you need further explanation, please come see me.

    43. Student: For the portfolio, do you want us to include the MLK essay?
      Mrs. Metcalf: The MLK essay is not required, but it may be included as extra credit. Be sure, though, that it holds the standards for writing that has been required up to this point.

    44. Student: For the essay, can we use “I” since the prompt is “what changes have you made or will you make in yourself to make the world a better place?”
      Mrs. Metcalf: You can still answer the prompt by not using "I." Whatever you are discussing, make that the subject of the sentence. You may use "I" a few times in this essay, but it is not preferable.

    45. Student: Is the Martin Luther King Jr. Essay mandatory for sophomore students?
      Mrs. Metcalf: That was the classroom assignment given by my substitute teacher to do in class and complete and return on Wednesday for all students.

    46. Student: How do you apa cite correctly
      Mrs. Metcalf: Please refer to your notes taken during classroom instruction. If you have questions, you may access the "Research and Documentation" link provided on our classroom website. If you have a specific question concerning APA citation, please ask that and I can give you a more accurate answer.

    47. Student: How do you do a APA heading
      Mrs. Metcalf: The heading is a running head. The first page is different than the rest of the paper because the first page will have the words "Running head:" followed by the title of the paper (in all capital letters), left justified, then spacing to the far right the page number. The remaining pages omit the "Running head:" wording but keep the rest of the information.

    48. Student: What is the difference between a scholarly journal and an article?
      Mrs. Metcalf: The difference is mainly the focused on the intended reader; articles are written for experts within the field focusing on knowledge conveyed to others sharing a similar field of study. Journals are usually focused on those researchers in a field.

    49. Student: When adding the appendix to the paper should there be a paper with appendix centered on it seperateing the appendix itself from the rest of the paper?
      Mrs. Metcalf: Yes.

    50. Student: Does the actual content of the paper have to be 3-5 pages or just the overall paper?
      Mrs. Metcalf: The requirements are 3-5 pages of content.

    51. Student: If we did a research paper, do he have to include a summary in the beginning ?
      Mrs. Metcalf: Yes.

    52. Student: Does Death of a Salesman and the Glass Menagerie count as classroom handouts? Because I can't find the copyright information in the books
      Mrs. Metcalf: It depends upon what type of source you are using to reference. Are you using the pdf online that was used as a handout? If so, the citation would be a pdf and the access would be to state "Retrieved from" and the web address.

    53. Student: Are you still required to block a quote if the actual quote is on 2 lines, but the citation part is on the 3rd line?
      Mrs. Metcalf: Once you type the passage in your paper if the citation falls on the third line, then a block quotation is warranted.

    54. Student: I was wondering if the title page in the research paper had to be double spaced instead of single spaced since I chose to do a research paper instead of an essay, also if both the title and the subtitle are underlined or italicized.
      Mrs. Metcalf: If you are following the research paper format, the cover page will be double spaced. The title should be underlined or italicized, not the subtitle.

    55. Student: When counting paragraphs for a parenthetical citation, do you count the key facts of the article as paragraphs?
      Mrs. Metcalf: I am unsure exactly what you mean, but the way to count paragraphs is to count the times a portion is newly indented.

    56. Student: If doing the Holocaust as an essay, do we double space our name, class, date at the top? On the example page, it looks like the typing is single-spaced.
      Mrs. Metcalf: That portion is single spaced.

    57. Student: In the research paper due friday the 17th do we have a summary or table of contents included?
      Mrs. Metcalf: Per the explanation of the confusion about the paper--If you choose to do a typical MLA "research" paper, please follow all specifications as given last year regarding research paper writing, so yes. Nevertheless, as I stated in class, it was my error to use the word "research" in regards to the paper. I meant that you need to research the topic you've chosen on the Holocaust and write an essay (following the directions on the handout). If you choose to do the research paper format, extra credit will be given. Sorry for the mix up.

    58. Student: I know one of the sources have to be from the holocaust museum, but do the other two sources have to come from the library link you gave us?
      Mrs. Metcalf: No, I only suggested that sight because it is a reliable source.

    59. Student: Hello. I was wondering, for block quoting in APA do you block if there are more than forty words? Or when there is three or more lines of type?
      Mrs. Metcalf: The APA rule says 40 words or more, but the intent of this rule is that long quotations oftentimes can mislead the reader into thinking that the quotation is actually the speaker. To avoid that, the block quotation sets that quotation off from the speaker's voice to clarify the difference. The problem is that there are words longer than other words, so that might result in a quotation of only 30 words being a full line longer than a quotation of 40 words. I always consider that if a quotation is three or more lines it would need blocked. That idea stems from writing experience that most three or more lines usually is consistent with 40 or more words. If you want to count the words, in order to be consistent, I will honor your precision in writing. Good work!

    60. Student: I am sending you this regarding what I can do for extra credit because I am at 89.34%. The group project brought me down from a 94.46%. Other than the 80% on the project and an 87% on the Antigone Paper I have received all A's on your assignments.
      Mrs. Metcalf: Response via email

    61. Student: When we add our explications of Acts Two and Three onto the previous paper, do we add it directly after the Act One information or would you like us to move each Act's beginning to the next page?
      Mrs. Metcalf: I have left that decision to you since organization is part of the grade.

    62. Student: I am a little confused on what you mean by an explication of act 1. Is it a summary, or are we just explaining what we learned? I wrote what happened and what I learned from each of those actions. Is that alright?
      Mrs. Metcalf: An explication is a dissection process in poetry. Since the play, The Tragedy of Macbeth, is written in poetic form, I am asking that when you dissect Act 1, which is done for the purpose of exposition (exposing information) that you compose your paper by Act and Scene to tell of what you have learned in each part. This assignment is not a summary.

    63. Student: Mrs. Metcalf, when titling our Macbeth paper, should we title it Macbeth and then make Exposition a subtitle or should it be done in some other type of format?
      Mrs. Metcalf: You may title your paper whatever you choose to title it. No subtitle is necessary.

    64. Student: What do we do if we can not think of a thesis?
      Mrs. Metcalf: You will need at some time soon begin to think about your potential interests as far as a career is concerned. That doesn't mean you can't change your major--you can, but at this point you need to think and rethink about where your interests lie and come to a decision for this research. After this research you may or may not still be interested. In other words, think about it and come to some kind of decision. Once you've decided on your field of interest, you will need to explore what is happening in that field to come to a thesis.

    65. Student: Mrs Metcalf, I talked to a lot of my classmates for the 1st and 2nd period class for our american dream paper. A lot of us are going to the football game tomorrow, and we won't be able to finish. Is there any way you could move it to Monday night? Or even Saturday?
      Mrs. Metcalf: You may turn it in early (tonight) rather than worry about trying to get the paper in before or after the game. You may come see me about this in the morning if that seems to be a problem.

    66. Student: Do we include our first name with the page number at the top, or just our last name as it would be if part of a paper?
      Mrs. Metcalf: For the page numbering at the top of the page, you would include only your last name and the page number.

    67. Student: Are we able to use our Pecha Kucha assignment as a reference for our essay? If so, could you suggest a documentation format? Thanks.
      Mrs. Metcalf: Yes, you may use any source that you deem reputable. To view the documentation format, go to the "Research and Documentation" link provided on this classroom website. Once there, choose your format (MLA or APA) and look under electronic sources and choose "Online Lecture Notes and Presentation Slides" for assistance.

    68. Student: To paraphrase would it be formatted, According to Sophocles (n.d.) "then the paraphrased quote?" Thank You!
      Mrs. Metcalf: No. Paraphrases do not need quotation marks; only direct quotes are place with them.

    69. Student: Hello Mrs metcalf I hope you had a good day!:) but I was wondering if in our Beowulf paper if you wanted us to include those three blank pages!?
      Mrs. Metcalf: At the point of three pages on content, one blank page is added at the end. For lengthy papers more are added.

    70. Student: Hey Mrs. Metcalf, do we need a concluding paragraph at the end of our "Antigone" essay? Thanks .
      Mrs. Metcalf: Yes.

    71. Student: Hi Mrs.Metcalf, I'm sending you this email from my phone. My only computer access is not letting me login and I just can't seem to figure out the problem with my computer. I just wanted to inform you about this problem and see what you may have in mind for me to do to try to get my paper done some how because as of right now I can't even login into the only computer available to me.
      Mrs. Metcalf: I'm sorry to hear that you are having issues with your computer. I hope that it is resolved in time for you to complete the assignment on time. If not, it may be beneficial for you to schedule time at the library to complete it. I would suggest that you have a flash drive to save your work on.

    72. Student: Do we have to read Chapter 3 for tomorrow or Monday?
      Mrs. Metcalf: No, I did not assign the reading for tomorrow.

    73. Student: Mrs.Metcalf, I have a coupe of questions on citing photographs on my slides and I was wondering if it would be possible to ask the questions in Class tomorrow and be able to turn in the assignment tomorrow evening?
      Mrs. Metcalf: Yes, please ask any questions you may have in class tomorrow. The last possible date to turn in the Pecha Kucha will be this Friday.

    74. Student: Mrs. Metcalf, I wasn't present in school for two days last week and had a few questions about the Pecha Kucha. I was wondering if the project could be due tomorrow evening so that I could ask you the questions.
      Mrs. Metcalf: The last possible date to turn in the Pecha Kucha will be Friday.

    75. Student: Hello Mrs. Metcalf. I have one question; do you want the Antigone Paper to have a title page or simply title it the way we do our reflections?
      Mrs. Metcalf: A title page would be fine.

    76. Student: I have recently become interested in Mock Trial. Is there a way I can join this year? If not, would it be to late to join next year as a junior?
      Mrs. Metcalf: Mock trial has not begun this year yet. Please check for notifications posted outside my classroom for dates of meetings. It would be great to have you involved.


  • ENG 255
    Thu, Apr 26th, 2018
    Comic Book Research & Final Exam

    Scholars' ELA 10
    Mon, Apr 30th, 2018
    Writing Portfolio & Final Exam

    AP Literature
    Mon, Apr 30th, 2018
    Writing Portfolio & Final Exam

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